Diversity Management e l'inclusione dei malati cronici in azienda

In recent decades, companies are challenged by a growing heterogeneity for what concern their workforce composition. Specifically, seems to be crucial to give due consideration to the need of people to feel respected and not discriminated within the workplace, in order to work in a welcoming environment and to perceive a climate of inclusion. Indeed, over the years, there has been the dissemination of a new concept of diversity, considered in a broad sense within organizations, including dimensions not yet explored, such as chronic disease. Therefore, diversity is not regarded as something to be avoided or even fought but rather something to be valued through a real Diversity Management process. The priority of this topic across the business landscape, is underlined by the evidence that in Italy, as in other countries, health expenditure for chronic diseases is very high: it amounts to about 67 billion euros and according to forecasts in 2028 it will reach 71 billion euros. Furthermore, 24 million Italians suffer from a chronic disease, a number that is even expected to increase in the coming years (National Observatory on Health in the Italian Regions, 2019). 
This thesis aims to analyze the impact of chronic disease in people's lives, as well as to investigate the management and influence of the disease in the workplace. This research demonstrates how an environment perceived as inclusive and which pays attention to relevant matter such as management of chronic illness, favors the disclosure of employees own health condition to their supervisors and it consequently increases their commitment and well-being.  
The approach pursued seems to paves the way to be able to preserve professional activity despite a chronic pathological condition, but it is demanding and requires effective communication between the different actors involved - employee, supervisor, HR function, colleagues - to find shared solutions through cooperation.